Developmental Psychology Notebook Assignments

Notebook Assignment #1:  (Assigned 9/9/19)

Read pages 7-13 in your textbook covering Chapter 1 Section 1 entitled “Why Study Psychology?”  While reading, answer the questions listed below in your notebook.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely in full sentence form.  This assignment is due on Tuesday, September 10, 2019.

1.  Define the following terms:  physiological, cognitive, psychology, hypothesis, theory, basic science, applied science, scientific method

2.  Name and describe each of the four goals of psychology.

3.  Why do psychologists use the scientific method?

4.  How might a psychologist doing basic science and a psychologist practicing applied science differ in their approach to the issue of "internet addiction”?

5.  You have developed a hypothesis that gray and tan cars are more likely to be sideswiped than other colors of cars.  How would you test this hypothesis?

Notebook Assignment #2:  (Assigned 9/11/19)

Read pages 13-22 in your textbook covering Chapter 1 Section 2 entitled “A Brief History of Psychology”  While reading, answer the questions listed below in your notebook.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely in full sentence form.  This assignment is due on Thursday, September 12, 2019.

1.  Define the following terms:  structuralist, introspection, functionalist, psychoanalyst, behaviorist, humanist, cognitivist, psychobiologist

2.  If phrenology had been proven to be accurate, how might it have been used to predict human behavior?

3.  Why did the Greeks think the heart was more important than the mind?

4.  How can social psychologists use other psychological approaches to help resolve cultural or ethnic conflicts?

5.  Focus for one minute on exactly what you are doing.  Write a complete description of your thought processes.

Notebook Assignment #3:  (Assigned 9/17/19)

Read pages 35-41 in your textbook covering Chapter 2 Section 1 entitled “What Is Research?”  While reading, answer the questions listed below in your notebook.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely in full sentence form.  This assignment is due on Wednesday, September 18, 2019.

1.  Define the following terms:  sample, naturalistic observation, case study, survey, longitudinal study, cross-sectional study, correlation, hypothesis, variable, experimental group, control group

2.  What pre-research decisions do psychologists make?

3.  What are two ways to avoid a nonrepresentative sample?

4.  Why do psychologists use naturalistic observations?

5.  What kind of study uses diaries, tests, and interviews to intensively study a person or group?

6.  What types of data are most easily gathered through surveys?

7.  What is the difference between longitudinal and cross-sectional studies?

8.  What is the difference between a positive and negative correlation?

9.  How does a psychologist use an independent variable in an experiment?

10.  What types of ethical principles govern psycholological research?

Notebook Assignment #4:  (Assigned 9/18/19)

Read pages 42-45 in your textbook covering Chapter 2 Section 2 entitled “Problems and Solutions in Research”  While reading, answer the questions listed below in your notebook.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely in full sentence form.  This assignment is due on Wednesday, September 19, 2019.

1.  Define the following terms:  self-fulfilling prophecy, single-blind experiment, double-blind experiment, placebo effect

2.  Describe a time when your behavior influenced the behavior of someone else?

3.  How may a participant’s expectations affect the results of an experiment?

4.  Why do you think some psychologists considered Milgram’s experiment unethical?

5.  Explain how the placebo effect works.

Notebook Assignment #5:  (Assigned 10/2/19)

Read pages 61-68 in your textbook covering Chapter 3 Section 1 entitled “Physical, Perceptual, and Language Development”  While reading, answer the questions listed below in your notebook.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely in full sentence form.  This assignment is due on Thursday, October 3, 2019.

1.  Define the following terms:  developmental psychology, grasping reflex, rooting reflex, maturation, telegraphic speech

2.  In what period of life do humans change the fastest and learn the most?

3.  What do developmental psychologists study?

4.  What are the two views of how behaviors develop?

5.  What innate capacities do newborns have?

6.  How do psychologists measure the capabilities of newborns?

7.  What processes occur during the first years of life that enable a child to expand his or her skills?

8.  Why should parents not waste time trying to coach an infant to learn new skills before he or she is ready?

9.  What perceptual abilities do newborns and infants have?

10.  What are the two primary components of langauge development?

11.  What are the basic stages in the development of language?

Notebook Assignment #6:  (Assigned 10/14/19)

Read pages 70-77 in your textbook covering Chapter 3 Section 2 entitled “Cognitive and Emotional Development”  While reading, answer the questions listed below in your notebook.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely in full sentence form.  This assignment is due on Wednesday, October 16, 2019.

1.  Define the following terms: schema, assimilation, accommodation, object permanence, representational thought, conservation, egocentric, imprinting, critical period

2.  What two factors are involved in intellectual development?

3.  When an object or event does not fit into our preexisting schemas, what two options do we have?

4.  How do infants treat objects they cannot see?  When does this treatment change?

5.  How are object permanence and representational thought related?

6.  At what age do children begin to understand the principle of conservation?

7.  What are the four stages of cognitive development identified by Jean Piaget?

8.  Who discovered that some animals become attached to their mothers by a process called imprinting?

9.  Why is attachment important?

10.  What did Henry Harlow conclude about his study of monkeys?

11.  What two types of anxiety are common to infants during the attachment period?

Notebook Assignment #7:  (Assigned 10/29/19)

Read pages 93-99 in your textbook covering Chapter 4 Section 1 entitled “Physical and Sexual Development”  While reading, answer the questions listed below in your notebook.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely in full sentence form.  This assignment is due on Wednesday, October 30, 2019.

1.  Define the following terms: initiation rites, puberty, menarche, spermarche, asynchrony

2.  What are some things that you believe distinguish a child from an adolescent?  In other words, explian how you knew you were no longer a child.  Provide some specific examples.

3.  What are some things that you believe distinguish an adolescent from an adult?  In other words, what things make you aware when you are no longer an adolescent and are considered an adult?  Provide some specific examples.

4.  What is adolescence?

5.  In many cultures and societies, what marks the admission into adulthood?

6.  How did G. Stanley Hall characterize adolescence?

7.  What influenced Margaret Mead to disgree with Hall’s view?

8.  List three of the developmental tasks that adolescents must master.

9.  What biological event marks the end of childhood?

10.  How do adolescents develop physically during this period?

11.  How do individual growth differences affect an adolescent’s personality?

12.  What behavioral changes accompany sexual maturation?

13.  What do studies indicate about the children of teenage mothers?

14.  What fears affect sexual behavior?

Notebook Assignment #8:  (Assigned 11/5/19)

Read pages 101-108 in your textbook covering Chapter 4 Section 2 entitled “Personal Development”  While reading, answer the questions listed below in your notebook.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely in full sentence form.  This assignment is due on Wednesday, November 6, 2019.

1.  Define the following terms: rationalization, identity crisis, social-learning theory

2.  How does an adolescent’s thinking differ from that of a child?  What did Jean Piaget call this stage of thinking?

3.  Using an example from your own life, describe how you have used rationalization.

4.  What are some reasons listed in the textbook reading that explain why some people do not reach formal operations thinking?

5. What are six problems identified by David Elkind that adolescents develop as a result of immaturity and abstract thought processes?

6.  What do psychologists believe are the factors that most influence moral development?

7.  Explain Erikson’s Throry of Identity Crisis?

8.  What is the major criticism of Erikson’s theory?

9.  How did Albert Bandura and Margaret Mead differ in their theory of personality development?

Notebook Assignment #9:  (Assigned 11/12/19)

Read pages 109-115 in your textbook covering Chapter 4 Section 3 entitled “Social Development”  While reading, answer the questions listed below in your notebook.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely in full sentence form.  This assignment is due on Wednesday, November 13, 2019.

1.  Define the following terms: clique, conformity, anorexia nervosa, bullimia nervosa

2.  What is the primary developmental task of an adolescent?

3.  What problems may parents face during the transitions that occur during adolescence?

4.  What roles do peers serve in a teen’s life?

5. What characterizes social groups in most schools?

6.  What functions do cliques serve?

7.  What is the major drawback to cliques?

8.  On major matters, whose advice do most teens rely upon?

9.  What claims does psychologist Judith Rich Harris make about the role of parents and peers?

10. What is the illusion of invulnerability?

11.  What events trigger depression in adolescents?

12.  What are the two most common eating disorders?

golson@isd381.org © George Olson 2019