Social Psychology Notebook Assignment Questions -- Semester Two 2017-2018

Notebook Assignment #1 (Assigned 1/29/18 )

Essay Question:  Using full and complete sentences write a narrative response telling about a time when you took a test that you felt was unfair.  Explain why you felt that the test was unfair and what would have been a more fair method of testing.  DO NOT IDENTIFY A TEACHER OR INSTRUCTOR’S NAME IN YOUR RESPONSE.  You are to focus on the test itself, not on the classroom teacher.  This is due on Tuesday, January 30, 2018.

Notebook Assignment #2 (Assigned 1/30/18 )

Read pages 343-347 (Characteristics of Psychological Tests) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 1/31/18.

  1. Define the following: reliability, validity, percentile system, norms
  2. In order for a test to be fair and useful it must be what?  (Hint: there are three things.)
  3. List and explain three ways in which a test’s reliability may be measured.
  4. Say you took a test that showed you are better at math than 60% of everyone else who took the test.  You took the test again a month later, and it said you are better than 61% of others who took the test.  Is this test reliable? Explain why or why not.
  5. What is one of the chief methods of measuring validity?
  6. What two things does standardization refer to?
  7. If you scored at the 60th percentile on a standardized test, what does this mean?

Notebook Assignment #3 (Assigned 2/1/18 )

Read pages 348-357 (Intelligence Testing) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 2/5/18.

  1. Define the following: intelligence, two-factor theory, triarchic theory, emotional intelligence, intelligence quotient (IQ), heritability, cultural bias
  2. According to Charles Spearman, what two factors contribute to a person’s intelligence?
  3. L.L. Thurstone proposed that intelligence is composed of seven primary mental abilities.  What are these abilities?
  4. According to Howard Gardner, what is body-kinesthetic ability?
  5. According to Robert Sternberg’s triarchic theory, what kind of thinking is required to deal with a situation you have never before encountered?
  6. What type of intelligence includes the ability to use emotions while thinking?
  7. Why was the first IQ test developed?
  8. What did Alfred Binet use as a basis for selecting test items?
  9. What was Alfred Binet’s definition of a “slow learner”?
  10. How was IQ originally computed?
  11. In general, the way norms are established for intelligence tests, most people score near what number?
  12. What issues are at the heart of the debate about IQ testing?
  13. What did studies of identical twins separated at birth show about genes and intelligence?
  14. What might cause cultural bias on an intelligence test? 

Notebook Assignment #4 (Assigned 2/7/18)

Read pages 359-362 (Measuring Achievement, Abilities, and Interests) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 2/12/18.

  1. Define the following: aptitude test, achievement test, interest test
  2. What do aptitude tests try to measure?
  3. If you took the GATB, what would the results tell you?
  4. What is the SAT designed to predict?
  5. How are achievement and aptitude tests usually distinguished from each other?
  6. What is an adaptive test?  What is its purpose?
  7. What is the purpose of an interest test?
  8. How are the questions on interest tests fundamentally different from those on intelligence tests?
  9. How does an interest test predict that you will enjoy a particular occupation?

Notebook Assignment #5 (Assigned 2/12/18)

Read pages 363-368 (Personality Testing) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 2/14/18.

  1. Define the following: personality test, objective test, projective test
  2. What are personality tests used for?
  3. Why are objective personality tests called “forced-choice” tests?
  4. What was the MMPI designed to do?
  5. How did the test makers select items for the MMPI?
  6. What was the CPI developed to do?
  7. How does the Meyers-Briggs test characterize personality?
  8. How do the questions on projective personality tests differ from those on objective tests?
  9. What does the Rorschach test use as its projective device?
  10. What is the theory behind the Rorschach test?
  11. On the TAT, what are test takers asked to do?

Notebook Assignment #6 (Assigned 2/20/18)

Read pages 375-377 (Purposes of Personality Theories) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 2/22/18.

  1. What is the “something” inside people that makes them think, feel, and act differently from one another?
  2. What do all personality theorists look for?
  3. What are three ways that theorists might try to explain the differences among individuals?
  4. What do personality theorists try to find out about how people conduct their lives?
  5. How do theories relate to research?
  6. What do psychoanalytic theories emphasize?
  7. What do behaviorists study?
  8. What is the focus of cognitive theorists?
  9. Name two prominent humanistic theorists.

Notebook Assignment #7 (Assigned 3/7/18)

Read pages 378-386 (Psychoanalytic Theories) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 3/8/18.

  1. What did Sigmund Freud believe happens to our memories of past experiences, especially painful ones?
  2. How does the id show itself in infants?
  3. Which part of personality is your conscience?
  4. Which part of personality serves to temper the other two parts?
  5. Are defense mechanisms good or bad? Explain.
  6. What happens to repressed feelings?
  7. When someone refuses to wear a seatbelt because “an accident won’t happen to me,” what defense mechanism is the person using?
  8. What is a socially acceptable way to channel aggressive feelings?
  9. According to Freud, how does the ego operate in a healthy person?
  10. In what two major ways did Carl Jung disagree with Freud?
  11. What did Alfred Adler believe to be a driving force in people’s lives?
  12. According to Adler, how do children begin to overcome feelings of inferiority?
  13. According to Adler, how does overpampering a child affect that child’s personality in adulthood?
  14. What did Karen Horney believe about Freud’s idea of parent-child conflict?

Notebook Assignment #8 (Assigned 3/20/18)

Read pages 387-390 (Learning Theories) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 3/21/18.

  1. Define the following: behaviorism, contingencies of reinforcement
  2. What belief led to behaviorism, and why?
  3. What do behaviorists believe is the cause of personality differences?
  4. How did Skinner approach the study of behavior?
  5. If someone came to Skinner, saying that he/she is depressed, what would Skinner do first and second?
  6. If the depressed person refuses to leave the house and, instead, spends the day playing video games, what treatment would Skinner suggest?
  7. According to behaviorists, what is behavior and how do you change it?
  8. How do people acquire personality, according to Albert Bandura and Richard Walters?
  9. Why are you more likely to learn new behaviors from your friends than from your parents’ friends?
  10. What is an advantage of learning theories over psychoanalytic theories?

Notebook Assignment #9 (Assigned 3/22/18)

Read pages 391-397 (Humanistic and Cognitive Theories) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 3/26/18.

  1. Define the following: humanistic psychology, self-actualization, self, positive regard, conditions of worth, unconditional positive regard, fully functioning
  2. In what ways can human psychology be viewed as a rebellion against psychoanalysis and behaviorist theories?  Explain your answers.
  3. What kinds of people did Abraham Maslow use as a base to support his theory of personality?  List three specific examples of these people as listed in the text reading.
  4. What did Maslow believe that a person first needed to become self-actualized?
  5. On what grounds have some psychologists criticized the ideas of Maslow’s theory?
  6. By what name, or term, did Carl Rogers call self-actualization?
  7. According to Rogers, what are the two sides, or parts, of every person?
  8. According to Rogers, why is it important to have unconditional positive regard?
  9. What do humanists, such as Maslow and Rogers, mean by “life is a conscious experience”?
  10. According to George Kelly, why is it important to see yourself as a master rather than a victim of your destiny?
  11. List 5 characteristics of self-actualizing individuals.

Notebook Assignment #10 (Assigned 3/27/18)

Read pages 398-403 (Trait Theories) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 3/28/18.

  1. What do trait theorists do more than any other personality theorists?
  2. What two assumptions do trait theorists make?
  3. What is the most important question for trait theorists?
  4. What did Gordon Allport mean when he said that a trait makes a wide variety of situations “functionally equivalent”?
  5. What did Allport use in his search to identify personality traits?
  6. According to Allport, what kind of traits are food and music preferences?
  7. Why do trait theorists use factor analysis?
  8. Why would psychologists want to measure the source traits identified by Raymond Cattle?
  9. How would you describe people on the extreme “stability” end of Hans Eysenck’s stability-versus-instability dimension?
  10. Describe the two ends of Eysenck’s psychoticism dimension.
  11. What are the "robust five” personality traits?
  12. Why do critics say that trait theorists cannot explain nor predict behaviors across different situations?
  13. According to Harry Stack Sullivan, most behaviors are a combination of what two dimensions?

Notebook Assignment #11 (Assigned 4/16/18)

Read pages 545-554 (Group Behavior) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 4/18/18.

  1. Define the following: group, task functions, social functions, norms, ideology, social facilitation, social inhibition, group polarization, groupthink, sociogram
  2. List and describe the three major factors of group cohesiveness.
  3. Name a primary and a secondary group in which you are involved.  Explain what makes each either primary or secondary.
  4. What a the two major purposes of groups?
  5. Describe something that you did well in front of others.  Were you doing something that you know well?
  6. Why is it important to express opposing views in group decision making?
  7. Name and describe the three leadership styles.

Notebook Assignment #12 (Assigned 4/19/18)

Read pages 555-562 (Conformity and Obedience) in your text.  Answer the questions listed below.  Be sure to write out all questions and answers completely.  This assignment is due on 4/24/18.

  1. Define the following: conformity, obedience
  2. How difficult is it for an individual to disagree with a group when everyone else has decided upon a particular course of action?
  3. What was the purpose of Solomon Asch’s experiment?
  4. In Asch’s experiment, what was the percentage of those who agreed with the group even though they knew the group was wrong?
  5. What difference does it make whether one person, or no one, agrees with the participant being tested for compliance?
  6. Why is the foot-in-the-door technique so effective?
  7. Name seven factors that increase conforming behavior.
  8. Name two kinds of influence one person may have on someone else.
  9. What was the purpose of Stanley Milgram’s experiment?
  10. What percentage of participants delivered the full range of shocks to the “learners” in Milgram’s experiment?
  11. Describe the behavior of the “prison guards” during Philip Zimbardo’s experiment.
  12. In what circumstances should people question whether to obey an authority figure?
  13. Why do you think that the Milgram and Zimbardo experiments raised ethical questions?
© George Olson 2017